Second Lieutenant John B. Caldwell US Army Air Forces was assigned to the 721st Bomber Group, 450th Bomber Squadron Heavy flying a B-24 out of Manduria, Italy.

He was killed in action 28 February 1945 and is interred at G,3,20, Florence American Cemetery, Florence, Italy.

Aircraft B-24BX with serialnumber 41-28854 departed from Manduria Air Base in Italy on a combat mission to the Brenner Pass in Italy. The aircraft was hit by flak, causing the gas tanks to burst into flames and the plane to explode. They left the formation on the bomb run near Bresonne. 2nd Lt Caldwell was killed when the plane exploded.

Statement from Sgt Robert S. Mountain:
On 25 February 1945, our group was on a combat mission to bomb the railroad bridge at Isarco/Albes, Italy. I was flying as tail gunner in ship number 365 in the number two position of the first box in the first attack unit. Lieutenant Lee was pilot of a B-24HX type aircraft, serial number 41-28854 in the number three position of the same box. Approximately one minute before bombs away, Lieutenant Lee´s aircraft received a direct flak hit on the number four engine. I saw parts of the engine fly off and the engine caught on fire. The ship fell out of formation and up. Than the aircraft fell behind, dropped the right wing and lost about one thousand feet on altitude and straightened out. When I last saw this aircraft, she was under control, three engines were operating on full power, and heading due south. The fire on the number four engine was out. The altitude was approximately 22,500 feet. I saw no parachutes leave the aircraft.

Crew members
Pilot, 2nd Lt Edward M. Lee
Co-Pilot, 2nd Lt John H. Caldwell
Navigator, 2nd Lt Richard A. Roy
Engineer, S/Sgt Russell R. Hicks
Radio Operator, S/Sgt Raymod W. Lunn
Gunner, Sgt Richard L. Moshier
Gunner, Sgt John R. Roberts
Gunner, S/Sgt Harold G. Ball
Gunner, Sgt David J. Smith

The Chattanooga Times, June 23, 1945
Chattanooga’s war casualty list of yesterday, compiled from official War Department reports and information received by next of kin, included one Chattanooga airman killed in action. A co-pilot of a Liberator bomber, Lt. John B. Caldwell, 20, son of Mr. and Mrs. Hollis Caldwell, 301 Hermitage Avenue, Lookout Mountain, listed missing in Italy since Feb. 26, was killed ont hat date when his plane crashed after an enemy aerial attack, the War Department informed his parents. According to the official report, the bomber carried a crew of nine men, six of whom survived the crash. The pilot, co-pilot and the engineer died in the encounter, it was stated.
Lt. Caldwell, graduate of Chattanooga High School and former student at the University of Chattanooga, volunteered for army duty at the age of 17. He received training at Birmingham-Southern College, Maxwell Field, Montgomery, Ala., and was awarded his pilot’s wings at Selma, Ala., in October, 1944. He is survived by his parents; two brothers, Maj. Frank H. Caldwell, with the air forces at Columbus, S.C.; Lt. Key R. Caldwell, stationed at the Smyrna, Tenn., army air base; three sisters, Misses Henrietta E., Marian R. and Matilda W. Caldwell, all of Lookout Mountain. Maj. Caldwell, as a pilot of a B-24 bomber, served in the Pacific, where he was awarded several citations for meritorious service in action. Lt. Key Caldwell, also a Liberator pilot, was shot down over Europe, but escaped the Germans. He recently returned to the United States.

  • Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Date of birth:
  • 3 February 1925
  • Date of death: 28 February 1945
  • County: Hamilton
  • Hometown: Lookout Mountain
  • Service Branch: Army/Army Air Forces
  • Division/Assignment: 721st Bomber Squadron, 450th Bomber Group, Heavy
  • Theater: Europe
  • Conflict: World War II
  • Awards: Air Medal, Purple Heart
  • Burial/Memorial Location: Florence American Cemetery, Via Cassia, Italy
  • Location In Memorial: Pillar XII, Top Panel
  • Contact us to sponsor John B. Caldwell

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